Forest Terminology Explained
While undertaking research, you or your students may come across some terms that may need explaining, so we have made it easy for you below.
*FURTHER INFORMATION: The Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment (ABARES) has produced an "Australia's forests and forestry glossary" (2020) found here -
A bushfire preventative technique that involves lighting a controlled fire at a safe point to burn back towards the front of the bushfire. Also see bushfire, controlled burning, wildfire.
The genetic variety of life forms and their ecosystems. Comprises genetic diversity (within species), species diversity (between species) and ecosystem diversity. Also see ecosystem.
1.3m above the ground. This is the standard height at which a tree diameter is measured. Also see basal area, DBH.
A wildfire burning through bushland such as a State forest. Also see wildfire.
Carbon dioxide (CO2)
A molecule made up of one carbon atom joined to two oxygen atoms. It is a major gas in the Earth's atmosphere. Also see greenhouse gases.
A drainage area in the landscape that is the source of water for a river or reservoir. Also see drainage line.
The fruit of coniferous trees that contains the seeds of the plant. Also see conifers.
See hazard reduction burning, backburning, fuel reduction burning, post-logging burning, prescribed burning.
Regrowth that grows from dormant buds under the bark of tree stumps after the tree has been felled. Eucalypts will copice. Also see lignotuber.
The top of a tree or group of trees. The leaves and living branches of a tree. Also see canopy.
Abbreviation for the diameter of a tree at breast height (1.3 metres above ground level). Also see basal area.
Clearing of forested areas. Also see clearing, reforestation.
A discernible natural depression along which surface water runoff concentrates and flows towards a stream, drainage plain or swamp. Also see filter strip.
An introduced species, especially one which is not of Australian origin. Also see Pinus radiata.
Commercial tree production on farmland. Also see agriculture, joint venture.
Fuel reduction burning
See controlled burning.
Non-flowering plants. Seeds not enclosed in an ovary, enclosed in a cone. See cypress, Pinus radiata.
Removal of more than one product from a forest at the same time, for example both large sawlogs and pulpwood. See harvesting.
Swollen underground root structure developed by most eucalypts, capable of sprouting new shoots if the tree is damaged. Also see copice.
Area where logs are accumulated prior to loading on trucks. See landing.
The process of cutting down trees for wood. Also see harvesting.
A woody plant smaller than a tree, usually divided into separate stems near the ground. Also see understorey.
A rubber tyred tractor for dragging felled logs to a loading area. Also see feller buncher.