Mature trees are harvested for large diameter sawlogs at generally 28 to 35 years of age for pine plantations, and from native forest at 80 to 100 years. Thinnings at an earlier age can produce smaller sawlogs, but mostly other lower value products.   Mature tree size is quite variable depending on site and climatic conditions, species, growth rate, and past silviculture.

Pine plantations are usually thinned at least twice in their growth cycle - typically between the ages of 13 to 24 years, for a range of products. At this stage, trees removed are of smaller diameter. Most eucalypt plantations are being grown for wood chips on short 10 to 15 year rotations, and so there is no thinning. Those eucalypt plantations being grown for sawlogs may be non-commercially thinned very early at age 4 to 6, or thinned later at age 10 to 15 for wood chips or firewood. In  some natural regrowth forests, thinning is conducted after 25 to 40 years, as growth rate is generally slower. Many natural regrowth forests are not thinned.

After logs are cut out of felled trees, they are moved to the roadside, loaded onto trucks and transported from the forest to a sawmill or other facility for processing. Trucks are usually large semi trailers, B-Doubles or ‘road trains’ with two or three trailers of logs.

more topics

Downstream Processing & Value-Adding

Find out more about the processing of wood for timber products.

To download this file

Forest Photos

Different photos of forestry and the industry.

To download this file

How do harvesting strategies reflect natural events?

Find out more about the relationship with harvesting and regeneration.

To download this file

Native timber harvesting in Central Highlands

VicForests’ Central Highlands region covers more than five million hectares across the central, north-east and south-east part of Victoria.  Find out more.

To download this file

Native timber harvesting in Victoria's water catchments

Find out about the impacts of harvesting near water catchment areas.

To download this file

What is aggregated retention harvesting?

Find out more about the strategy ‘aggregated retention harvesting'.

To download this file
back to top

The pine plantation rotation

What happens in a pine plantation rotation from 0 years- 35years.  Find out through this poster resource.

To download this file
back to top

About wood

About Wood crossword puzzle with factsheet attached to help students give context to the answers.

To download this file

Cumberland State Forest Tour - Yr 11 Industrial Design Lesson Plan and Student Worksheet

This lesson plan takes Year 11 Industrial Design students through the Cumberland State Forest. Students will study the organisation and management of an individual business related to the focus area.
 

To download this file

Forests and forestry in NSW facts and worksheet

Factsheet and worksheet to guide discussions around Forests and Forestry in NSW. 

To download this file

Going Bush - Value adding - Worksheet & answers

Worksheet with sample answers to accompany the Going Bush video 'Value adding'. When trees are harvested, various parts of the tree are graded for different end uses and various value adding processing then follows. Further, technological advances have helped mechanise harvesting and processing operations to increase efficiency in the value adding chain. On the other hand, tree replanting is conducted after harvest to ensure forests regenerate for future generations.

To download this file

Planet Ark - Schools Tree day

Each year in July, around 2500 schools across Australia take part in Schools Tree Day. Students nation-wide have learnt how to plant, and care for the seedlings they grow. Become involved.

Value Adding to Wood

In this theory lesson, students will learn about value-adding in the forest and wood products industry, from harvesting trees through processing and manufacturing of products to consumers. They will develop understanding about the range in quality of saw logs, how they are graded, and be able to apply this knowledge to the different products made from them.

To download this file

Wild Forest Adventure Activity Book

Wild Forest Adventure is an activity based companion booklet especially designed for use with the Forests NSW website.

To download this file

Wild Forest Adventure online game

The Wild Forest Adventure section has been especially designed for students, to provide interesting and relevant information about the forest environment, in a stimulating and fun way.

back to top

Planet Ark - Schools Tree day

Each year in July, around 2500 schools across Australia take part in Schools Tree Day. Students nation-wide have learnt how to plant, and care for the seedlings they grow. Become involved.

back to top

Going Bush - Finding Huon pine in Tasmania’s wild west

Tasmania’s truly heroic timber Huon pine is the star. We discover that contrary to some perceptions forestry and tourism can work hand in hand even down to log trucks being able to hitch a ride on the tourist railway down from the Teepookana plateau.

To watch this video

Going Bush - Harvest Planning

Nick and Andrew head up to Northern Tasmania, and take a look into the unseen, but massive planning process undertaken for coupe harvesting

To watch this video

Going Bush - The story of one tree from Victoria's high country

Going Bush (Series 5 Episode 1A) provides valuable footage on the value adding process to native timber in the Victorian Mountain Ash forests. Mechanical harvesting is demonstrated, together with processing of saw logs for use in flooring and furniture, and structural timber for construction, and discussion on use of remaining defect wood (waste) for pulp wood. 

To watch this video

Going Bush - Value adding - Worksheet & answers

Worksheet with sample answers to accompany the Going Bush video 'Value adding'. When trees are harvested, various parts of the tree are graded for different end uses and various value adding processing then follows. Further, technological advances have helped mechanise harvesting and processing operations to increase efficiency in the value adding chain. On the other hand, tree replanting is conducted after harvest to ensure forests regenerate for future generations.

To download this file

Wild Forest Adventure online game

The Wild Forest Adventure section has been especially designed for students, to provide interesting and relevant information about the forest environment, in a stimulating and fun way.

back to top

Forest management in Tasmania - The truth

Report highlighting the management of Tasmanian forests for multiple values, supported by a commitment to sustainable charter and certification process for harvested timber.

To download this file
back to top
X
Loading