Forests supply the raw materials for construction timbers, paper, packaging and other wood-based materials that are staples of modern life. Roundwood is the term given to all wood that is removed in log form from forests and not used for fuel.

It has been estimated to account for about 1.5 billion cubic metres (m³) of fibre, or 44% of the wood harvested globally.  Logs and sawn wood for construction comprised the largest use of industrial roundwood (over 50%), followed by pulp for paper and paperboard, and processed wood products such as veneers, particleboard, and plywood. Pulp includes wood manufacturing residues like sawdust and chippings.

Hardwood species such as the eucalypts are highly valued in Australia for use as structural building materials, cladding, and flooring, and include species such as blackbutt (Eucalyptus pilularis), spotted gum (Corymbia maculata), and mountain ash (Eucalyptus regnans).

Hardwoods are also highly valued in the production of quality furniture, and off-cuts are commonly used and recycled for surveying pegs and vegetable stakes.

Hardwoods grown in short rotation plantations (i.e. harvested at a younger age) are predominantly used for woodchips and pulp and exported to Asian countries such as Japan for making paper and paper products. Softwoods (mostly exotic conifers such as radiata pine; Pinus radiata) are primarily used in construction and pulpwood.

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Forest Photos

Different photos of forestry and the industry.

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Forestry Matters!

Forestry matters! is a free, comprehensive education resource that provides teachers with relevant,  up-to-date information about South Australia’s forests.

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Plantation Forestry

This resource discusses the history of plantations, the type of timber produced and the role of plantations in Australian Forestry.

Plantations – complementing Victoria’s native forest timber

More information about plantation forestry in Victoria.

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Plantations fact sheet

Find out about Australian plantations: history, area, ownership and more.

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Timber flooring

Information on timber floors and considerations for temperature and humidity when using timber flooring.

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Trees

Covering the what are trees, components that make up trees and types of trees in Australia.

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Victoria's native timber industry

Find out more about Victoria's native timber industry.

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The pine plantation rotation

What happens in a pine plantation rotation from 0 years- 35years.  Find out through this poster resource.

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Timber teaser - Blackbutt, Eucalyptus pilularis

Poster resource for your classroom.

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Timber teaser - Flooded gum, Eucalyptus grandis

A poster resource for the classroom.

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Timber teaser - Radiata pine, Pinus radiata

A poster resource for the classroom.

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Timber teaser - Softwood or hardwood

Poster resource for the classroom.

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Timber teaser - White cyprus, Callitris glaucophylla

A poster resource for the classroom.

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About wood

About Wood crossword puzzle with factsheet attached to help students give context to the answers.

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Carbon and its storage in forest and wood products

Class activities on carbon, cycling & storage.

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Colour in sheets

Two colour in sheets for your students.

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Forestry Matters!

Forestry matters! is a free, comprehensive education resource that provides teachers with relevant,  up-to-date information about South Australia’s forests.

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Forest Types- Plantation vs Natural and Softwoods vs Hard woods

In this practical lesson, students will examine and compare different forests types. They will learn how to identify major tree types and understand how they are used, what ecosystem services they provide, and the professional role of Foresters in managing forests. Using this information, students will design a landscape model of an area of a plantation or native forest in class groups to represent a forest type.

 

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Going Bush - South Australia's pine tree experts - Worksheet & answers

Student worksheet with sample answers to accompany the Going Bush video examining the development of pine tree plantations in South Australia. Planations have helped overcome a lack of supply from native forests particularly in markets that use softwoods, including small diameter sawlogs, pulp and veneer. Students get to see 'fella buncher' harvesting machines in action, and use of high technology techniques for locating, measuring and grading wood, such as GPS and LiDAR.

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Going Bush - Tracing the power poles back to North East Tasmania's forests - Worksheet & answers

Student worksheet with samples answers to accompany the 'Going Bush' video looking at the origin of wooden power poles in North East Tasmanian forests. Selection features of native forest trees are examined, as well as the process of seasoning the preserving power poles.

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Going Bush - Various demand for plantation and native forests - Worksheet & answers

Student worksheet with sample answers that accompanies the Going Bush video 'Various demand for plantation and native forests'. Different uses for the wood sourced from these forests is discussed, as well as wood properties. The demand for wood in Australia is higher than the regulated supply, meaning imported wood is necessary. This raises various issues that students can begin to contemplate. 

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Place and products

Discover different forest types and products through this activity sheet.

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Planet Ark - Schools Tree day

Each year in July, around 2500 schools across Australia take part in Schools Tree Day. Students nation-wide have learnt how to plant, and care for the seedlings they grow. Become involved.

Save our soil

An introduction to dryland salinity.

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Wild Forest Adventure Activity Book

Wild Forest Adventure is an activity based companion booklet especially designed for use with the Forests NSW website.

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Wild Forest Adventure online game

The Wild Forest Adventure section has been especially designed for students, to provide interesting and relevant information about the forest environment, in a stimulating and fun way.

Wood: Art, Design, Architecture. An Education Pack

WOOD: art design architecture: an education kit with information and exercises relevant to your curriculum, the kit is an easy-to-use guide for teachers and students across a range of art and design disciplines.

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Forestry Matters! website

Forestry matters! is a free, comprehensive education resource that provides teachers with relevant,  up-to-date information about South Australia’s forests.

Planet Ark - Schools Tree day

Each year in July, around 2500 schools across Australia take part in Schools Tree Day. Students nation-wide have learnt how to plant, and care for the seedlings they grow. Become involved.

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Going Bush - A Northern NSW timber family answering the industry’s challenges

Meet a tight-knit timber family from northern New South Wales, which has responded to the vagaries of the forestry industry by getting bigger when the option was to get out and vertically integrating their operation so that in years to come a significant share of their resource will be harvested from their own plantations.

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Going Bush - Chic Huon in upmarket Sydney

Follow the journey of the raw Huon pine log through a West Coast joinery shed to finally adorn the walls and fittings of an up-market Sydney board room, where advertising and media mogul John Singleton waxes lyrical about the timber.

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Going Bush - South Australia’s pine tree experts

Softwood plantations have become a staple of the forestry industry and South Australians say no-one does it better than them … They’ve had plenty of practice having started growing radiata pines 130 years ago.

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Going Bush - South Australia's pine tree experts - Worksheet & answers

Student worksheet with sample answers to accompany the Going Bush video examining the development of pine tree plantations in South Australia. Planations have helped overcome a lack of supply from native forests particularly in markets that use softwoods, including small diameter sawlogs, pulp and veneer. Students get to see 'fella buncher' harvesting machines in action, and use of high technology techniques for locating, measuring and grading wood, such as GPS and LiDAR.

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Going Bush - Tracing the power poles back to North East Tasmania’s forests

You see them along the roadside throughout the land and they’re an easy fallback for long road trip games of I spy with my little eye … PP? Power poles of course. We go bush to find where the tallest and straightest trees grow and how they’re handled with kid gloves to provide the poles to carry electricity cables.

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Going Bush - Tracing the power poles back to North East Tasmania's forests - Worksheet & answers

Student worksheet with samples answers to accompany the 'Going Bush' video looking at the origin of wooden power poles in North East Tasmanian forests. Selection features of native forest trees are examined, as well as the process of seasoning the preserving power poles.

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Going Bush - Various demand for plantation and native forests

The importance for balance in consideration of native and plantation forests is explored from a Victorian perspective, where the main players say there will always be demand for resource from both.

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Going Bush - Various demand for plantation and native forests - Worksheet & answers

Student worksheet with sample answers that accompanies the Going Bush video 'Various demand for plantation and native forests'. Different uses for the wood sourced from these forests is discussed, as well as wood properties. The demand for wood in Australia is higher than the regulated supply, meaning imported wood is necessary. This raises various issues that students can begin to contemplate. 

To download this file

Wild Forest Adventure online game

The Wild Forest Adventure section has been especially designed for students, to provide interesting and relevant information about the forest environment, in a stimulating and fun way.

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