The term ‘forest type’ describes the dominant tree type present (e.g. genus Eucalyptus) in an area, which itself is determined by a variety of factors, such as soil properties, climate and fire regimes.

Eucalypts dominate Australian forests (79%), while other forest types dominated by acacia (wattles), melaleuca (tea tree), casuarinas (she-oaks), callitris (cypress pine), mangrove and rainforest make up the other 21%.

Forest types and their dominant species have evolved to cope with their specific environments; for example, acacias are legumes with root bacteria that enable them to colonise nutrient poor soils, and salt tolerant species such as white mangrove (Avicennia)  are able to survive and grow in highly saline estuarine conditions.

Plantations are intensively managed stands of trees that have been artificially planted with native or exotic species, laid out in rows. Plantation species are described as either hardwood (mostly eucalypts) or softwood (e.g. pines). There are currently roughly 1 million hectares of each type in Australia, supplying just over two-thirds of the logs harvested for wood products each year from just over 1% of the total forest estate.

Although plantations are primarily managed for wood production, they play an important role in carbon capture and storage, biodiversity, salinity mitigation, and water catchment protection, and so are managed with these issues in mind. 

Over the last 10 years, plantation areas have increased across Australia, with most new plantations established on farms on previously cleared pasture-land. Most of our earliest plantations were established on public land sites cleared of native forest, but converting native forest to plantation is no longer practiced.

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Australian forest profiles fact sheet

Detailed information on the state of Australian forests.

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Birds of Cumberland State Forest

Find out all the different species of birds in the Cumberland State Forest.

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Eucalypts fact sheet

Eucalypts are iconic Australian forests. Almost all the 700 known eucalypt species are native only to Australia. Find out more about Eucalypts.

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Forest industries

Find out more about the forest industry in South Australia.

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Forest Photos

Different photos of forestry and the industry.

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Forestry Matters!

Forestry matters! is a free, comprehensive education resource that provides teachers with relevant,  up-to-date information about South Australia’s forests.

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Forests in South Australia

Find out more about the types of forests in South Australia.

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Forest types

Information and fast facts on wet and dry eucalypt and cool temperate rainforest.

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Mangroves fact sheet

Australia has around 980 000 hectares of mangrove forests.  Find out more.

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Melaleuca fact sheet

Find out more about Melaleuca species in Australia.

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Microforests

Information on what microforests are and where they grow.

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Native timber harvesting in Central Highlands

VicForests’ Central Highlands region covers more than five million hectares across the central, north-east and south-east part of Victoria.  Find out more.

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Old growth forests

Information on why they are important.

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Plantations – complementing Victoria’s native forest timber

More information about plantation forestry in Victoria.

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Planting trees for biodiversity

Information on the importance of tree for biodiversity.

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Radiata pine - the remarkable pine

Find out why the Radiata pine is also called the remarkable pine.

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Rainforest fact sheet

Find out more about Australian rainforests and their uses.

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The myths associated with pines

Addressing the myths associated with Pines.

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Trees

Covering the what are trees, components that make up trees and types of trees in Australia.

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Type and extent fact sheet

Find out more about Australia's 149 million hectares of forest including 147 million hectares of native forest and 1.82 million hectares of plantations.

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Victoria's Forest Planning Processes

Find out about planning and managing forests for harvest.

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Victoria's native timber industry

Find out more about Victoria's native timber industry.

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Victoria's old growth forests

Find out about old growth forests in Victoria.

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What does old growth forest mean?

What and where can you find old growth forests in Tasmania.

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What is a forest?

Find out more about what is a forest, forest biodiversity and forest habitats.

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The pine plantation rotation

What happens in a pine plantation rotation from 0 years- 35years.  Find out through this poster resource.

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Timber teaser - Blackbutt, Eucalyptus pilularis

Poster resource for your classroom.

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Timber teaser - Flooded gum, Eucalyptus grandis

A poster resource for the classroom.

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Timber teaser - Radiata pine, Pinus radiata

A poster resource for the classroom.

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Timber teaser - Softwood or hardwood

Poster resource for the classroom.

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Timber teaser - White cyprus, Callitris glaucophylla

A poster resource for the classroom.

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A closer look at rainforests- Worksheet

A factsheet and worksheet to help students explore questions around rainforests. 

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Cumberland Forest Adventure self guided excursion plans and activities

Planning an excursion to Cumberland Forest- this booklet is filled with self guided excursion plans and activities.

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Cumberland State Forest Tour - Yr 11 Geography Lesson Plan and Student Worksheet

This lesson plan takes Year 11 Geography students through the Cumberland State Forest. The focus is on a geographical investigation of biophysical processes and how an understanding of these processes contributes to sustainable management.
Outcomes for the student include:

  • P2 describes the interactions between the four components which define the biophysical environment
  • P3 explains how a specific environment functions in terms of biophysical factors
  • P6 identifies the vocational relevance of a geographical perspective
  • P7 formulates a plan for active geographical inquiry
  • P8 selects, organises and analyses relevant geographical information from a variety of sources
  • P9 uses maps, graphs and statistics, photographs and fieldwork to conduct geographical inquiries
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Cumberland State Forest Tour - Yr 7 Geography Lesson Plan and Student Worksheet

This lesson plan takes Year 7 Geography students through the Cumberland State Forest.  Curriculum outcomes for students include:
4.1 identifies and gathers geographical information
4.4 uses a range of geographical tools
4.6 describes the geographical processes that form and transform environments
4.8 describes the interrelationships between people and environments.

Cumberland State Forest Tour Yr 9 Geography Lesson Plan and Worksheet

This lesson plan and worksheet takes Year 9 Geography students through the Cumberland State Forest. Students will understand ways in which geographical understanding contributes to the sustainable management of sites affecting the Australian environment.
Outcomes
A student:
5.1 identifies, gathers and evaluates geographical information
5.4 selects and applies appropriate geographical tools
5.5 demonstrates a sense of place about Australian environments
5.6 explains the geographical processes that form and transform Australian environments
5.7 analyses the impacts.

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Finding out - become a mini beast researcher

Find out what creatures live in the forest, just like a forest researcher.

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Flip out for forest fun

This game gives students the opportunity to learn more about our forests whilst playing a fun game.

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Forestry Matters!

Forestry matters! is a free, comprehensive education resource that provides teachers with relevant,  up-to-date information about South Australia’s forests.

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Forests and forestry in NSW facts and worksheet

Factsheet and worksheet to guide discussions around Forests and Forestry in NSW. 

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Forest Types- Plantation vs Natural and Softwoods vs Hard woods

In this practical lesson, students will examine and compare different forests types. They will learn how to identify major tree types and understand how they are used, what ecosystem services they provide, and the professional role of Foresters in managing forests. Using this information, students will design a landscape model of an area of a plantation or native forest in class groups to represent a forest type.

 

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From fields to forests

Discover the environmental benefits of planted forests.

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Going Bush - South Australia's pine tree experts - Worksheet & answers

Student worksheet with sample answers to accompany the Going Bush video examining the development of pine tree plantations in South Australia. Planations have helped overcome a lack of supply from native forests particularly in markets that use softwoods, including small diameter sawlogs, pulp and veneer. Students get to see 'fella buncher' harvesting machines in action, and use of high technology techniques for locating, measuring and grading wood, such as GPS and LiDAR.

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Going Bush - Tracing the power poles back to North East Tasmania's forests - Worksheet & answers

Student worksheet with samples answers to accompany the 'Going Bush' video looking at the origin of wooden power poles in North East Tasmanian forests. Selection features of native forest trees are examined, as well as the process of seasoning the preserving power poles.

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Going Bush - Various demand for plantation and native forests - Worksheet & answers

Student worksheet with sample answers that accompanies the Going Bush video 'Various demand for plantation and native forests'. Different uses for the wood sourced from these forests is discussed, as well as wood properties. The demand for wood in Australia is higher than the regulated supply, meaning imported wood is necessary. This raises various issues that students can begin to contemplate. 

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High School activity book

Activities and lesson plans for year 7-10 students.

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In a rainforest – biodiversity colour-in sheet

Colour in and discover all about NSW rainforests.

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Junior primary activity book

Activities and lesson plans for junior primary.

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Magic moments - reveal natural tree magic tricks

Through this activity reveal natural tree magic tricks.

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Out of this World Forestry Day - celebrate the wonders of forests

Put on a play for World Forestry Day.  Bring this simple script to life!

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Owls in our forests.

Owls are amazing creatures. In Australia there are only ten species of owls belonging to two groups- Hawk Owls and Barn Owls.  This worksheet has information on Australian owls as well as a Owl bingo activity.

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Place and products

Discover different forest types and products through this activity sheet.

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Planet Ark - Schools Tree day

Each year in July, around 2500 schools across Australia take part in Schools Tree Day. Students nation-wide have learnt how to plant, and care for the seedlings they grow. Become involved.

Poet Tree

World Forestry Day is celebrated on the 21 March each year. Use this activity sheet to write a poem to celebrate.

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Primary school activity book

Activities and lesson plans for year 3-6 students.

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What's a forest to me?

The United Nations announced 2011 as the International Year of Forests. This means that in 2011 people around the world will be celebrating forests and thinking about how we use them, what they provide for us and how we can look after them for the future. This worksheet will help you think more about what a forest means to you.

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Wild Forest Adventure Activity Book

Wild Forest Adventure is an activity based companion booklet especially designed for use with the Forests NSW website.

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Wild Forest Adventure online game

The Wild Forest Adventure section has been especially designed for students, to provide interesting and relevant information about the forest environment, in a stimulating and fun way.

Wood: Art, Design, Architecture. An Education Pack

WOOD: art design architecture: an education kit with information and exercises relevant to your curriculum, the kit is an easy-to-use guide for teachers and students across a range of art and design disciplines.

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Forestry Matters! website

Forestry matters! is a free, comprehensive education resource that provides teachers with relevant,  up-to-date information about South Australia’s forests.

Planet Ark - Schools Tree day

Each year in July, around 2500 schools across Australia take part in Schools Tree Day. Students nation-wide have learnt how to plant, and care for the seedlings they grow. Become involved.

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Going Bush - Chic Huon in upmarket Sydney

Follow the journey of the raw Huon pine log through a West Coast joinery shed to finally adorn the walls and fittings of an up-market Sydney board room, where advertising and media mogul John Singleton waxes lyrical about the timber.

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Going Bush - Finding Huon pine in Tasmania’s wild west

Tasmania’s truly heroic timber Huon pine is the star. We discover that contrary to some perceptions forestry and tourism can work hand in hand even down to log trucks being able to hitch a ride on the tourist railway down from the Teepookana plateau.

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Going Bush - South Australia’s pine tree experts

Softwood plantations have become a staple of the forestry industry and South Australians say no-one does it better than them … They’ve had plenty of practice having started growing radiata pines 130 years ago.

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Going Bush - South Australia's pine tree experts - Worksheet & answers

Student worksheet with sample answers to accompany the Going Bush video examining the development of pine tree plantations in South Australia. Planations have helped overcome a lack of supply from native forests particularly in markets that use softwoods, including small diameter sawlogs, pulp and veneer. Students get to see 'fella buncher' harvesting machines in action, and use of high technology techniques for locating, measuring and grading wood, such as GPS and LiDAR.

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Going Bush - Timber harvested nearby makes a NSW south coast social magnet

We visit Bermagui to see how the controversial harvesting of a nearby forest has resulted in the creation of a new focal point for the town. The natural log pillars and timber cladding and decks, milled just down the road at Eden, of the Bermagui Fishermen's Co-op underline the South Coast's joint heritage of timber getting and fishing.

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Going Bush - Tracing the power poles back to North East Tasmania's forests - Worksheet & answers

Student worksheet with samples answers to accompany the 'Going Bush' video looking at the origin of wooden power poles in North East Tasmanian forests. Selection features of native forest trees are examined, as well as the process of seasoning the preserving power poles.

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Going Bush - Various demand for plantation and native forests

The importance for balance in consideration of native and plantation forests is explored from a Victorian perspective, where the main players say there will always be demand for resource from both.

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Going Bush - Various demand for plantation and native forests - Worksheet & answers

Student worksheet with sample answers that accompanies the Going Bush video 'Various demand for plantation and native forests'. Different uses for the wood sourced from these forests is discussed, as well as wood properties. The demand for wood in Australia is higher than the regulated supply, meaning imported wood is necessary. This raises various issues that students can begin to contemplate. 

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Wild Forest Adventure online game

The Wild Forest Adventure section has been especially designed for students, to provide interesting and relevant information about the forest environment, in a stimulating and fun way.

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Australia's forests at a glance 2012

Producted by Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, this report provides data on forest areas, types, tenures, carbon stored, log volumes harvested, and imports and exports of wood products.

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